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The JSPE enables medical educators to "evaluate the effectiveness of educational interventions aimed at promoting empathy".
It can also be used to examine the variation and correlation of empathy in different years of medical education and between genders .
The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) has been widely used.
This study was designed to examine the psychometric properties and the theoretical structure of the JSPE. The 20 item JSPE provides a valid and reliable scale to measure empathy among not only undergraduate and graduate medical education programmes, but also practising doctors.
In addition, the task force is grateful to Rosemarie Alvaro, Ph D, Thomas Bartlett, Psy D, Jim Butcher, Ph D, Susan Drumheller, Ph D, Michael Dunn, Ph D, Stephen Flamer, Ph D, Alan Goldberg, Psy.
D, ABPP, JD, Virginia Gutman, Ph D, Dara Hamilton, Ph D, Roger Heller, Ph D, Tamar Heller, Ph D, Rosemary Hughes, Ph D, William Kachman, Ph D, Monica Kurylo, Ph D, Kurt Metz, Ph D, Sharon Nathan, Ph D, Rhoda Olkin, Ph D, Sara Palmer, Ph D, Diana Pullin, JD, Ph D, Jeff Rosen, Ph D, Cheryl Shigaki, Ph D, David Smith, Ph D, Martha Thurlow, Ph D, Michael Wehmeyer, Ph D, Julie Williams, Psy D, and Gerry Young, Ph D for their assistance in providing important feedback on several earlier drafts of the guidelines; to Diana Spas (University of Montana, Missoula, Montana) for her thorough and thoughtful review and editorial suggestions; to APA’s governance groups who reviewed this document and provided valuable feedback and suggestions; and to the myriad other individuals for their careful review and comments.
Empathy towards patients is considered to be associated with improved health outcomes.
Many scales have been developed to measure empathy in health care professionals and students.
To see what has been recently added and updated, visit our New References page.
Treatment recommendations, as well as payment by health care providers, are often determined by DSM classifications, so the appearance of a new version has significant practical importance.
The DSM-5 was published on May 18, 2013, superseding the DSM-IV-TR, which was published in 2000.
The limitations of the study are discussed and some recommendations are made for future practice. Crucial to the measurement of empathy is the availability of an instrument that can validly measure the empathy of medical students.
Although twenty instruments have been employed to measure the empathy levels of healthcare professionals .